HACIENDA FAC 51 

 

 

"TITTER YE NOT"

*****************

                                    2 Man Utd fans are in

London. They walk past a shop and see a sign Shirts 50p

Trousers £1.

 

One said 'great value!

lets buy some.'

 

The other one says

'don't let them know

we're Man U fans or

they'll try to rip us off.'

 

So they hide their

scarves.

   

They enter the shop

and ask for 6 shirts

each & 6 pairs of

trousers each.

   

The assistant asked

"are you Man Utd fans"

to which they replied

"yes".

 

He said 'Piss off this is

a launderette.'

 

*****************

 

Bez bumps into Jeremy Clarkson and they start to chat. Bez says to him,

 

"What do you do

Jeremy?"

 

He replies, "Top Gear".

   

Bez says "Fucking

brilliant I'll have two

grams".

    ******************

 

My doctor told me to

stay away from

 

methamphetamine

So I bought a fifteen

foot straw.

******************

 HACIENDA FAC 51 

 MUSIC VENUE 

 

RIP HACIENDA FAC 51 T SHIRT
fac 51 the hacienda madchester
hacienda fac 51 music venue manchester
inside the hacienda fac 51 music venue madchester
hacienda fac 51 use hearing protection madchester
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Joy Division Drummer Boy

 

Fac 51  The Haçienda  (better known simply as Haçienda)

was a nightclub and music venue in Manchester, England. It

became most famous during the "Madchester" years of the

late 1980s and early 1990s; during the 1990s it was labelled

the most famous club in the world by Newsweek magazine.

The Haçienda opened in 1982, and despite considerable and

persistent financial troubles survived until 1997 – during

much of this time the club was mainly supported by record

sales from New Order. The Haçienda is associated with the

rise of acid house and rave music.

 

The former warehouse occupied by the club was at 11-13,

Whitworth Street West on the south side of the Rochdale

Canal:

         the frontage was curved and built of red brick. Before it

was turned into a club, the Haçienda was a yacht builder's

shop and warehouse before becoming a  Bollywood cinema 

in the 1970s, showing films to the local Asian community.

 

Originally conceived by Rob Gretton, it was largely financed

by the record label  Factory Records  and the band New

Order along with label boss Tony Wilson. It was located on

the corner of Whitworth Street West and Albion Street, close

to Castlefield, in the centre of the city. FAC 51 was its official

designation in the Factory catalogue. New Order and Tony Wilson were directors of

the club. Designed by  Ben Kelly , upon recommendation by Factory graphic designer

Peter Saville, upstairs consisted of a stage, dance area, bar, cloakroom, cafeteria area

and balcony with a DJ booth. Downstairs was a cocktail bar called 'The Gay Traitor,'

which referred to Anthony Blunt, a British art historian who spied for the Soviet Union.

The two other bars, 'The Kim Philby' and 'Hicks,' were named after Blunt's fellow spies.

From 1995 onwards, the lower cellar areas of the venue were converted to create the

5th Man, a smaller music venue.

 

“Adidas produced a limited-edition pair of Haçienda trainers, designed by Yohji Yamamoto (Saville has worked with Yohji since the late 1980s, creating his catalogues and advertisements). They retailed for £345 but people queued up from midnight just to be the first through the doors to buy a pair. The shoes disappeared in twenty minutes - all sold out.” 

 ― Peter HookThe Haçienda:

                                                How Not to Run a Club

The name comes from a slogan of the radical group Situationist International:

                                                                                                                          "The Hacienda Must Be Built", from Formulary for a New Urbanism by  Ivan Chtcheglov .

A hacienda is a large homestead in a ranch or estate usually in places where Colonial Spanish culture has had architectural

influence. Even though the cedilla is not used in Spanish, the spelling " Haçienda " was decided on for the club because the cedilla makes the "çi" resemble "51,"the club's catalogue number.

 

The Haçienda was opened on the 21st of May 1982, when the comedian  Bernard Manning  remarked to the audience, "I've played some shit-holes during my time, but this is really something." His jokes did not go down well with the crowd and he returned his fee.

 

A wide portfolio of important 20th century musical acts appeared at the club. One of the earliest was the German EBM

band Liaisons Dangereuses, which played there on the 7th of July 1982. The Smiths performed there three times in 1983. It served as a venue for  Madonna  on her first performance in the United Kingdom, on the 27th of January 1984. She was invited to appear as part of a one-off, live television broadcast by Channel 4 music programme The Tube. Madonna performed "Holiday" whilst at The Haçienda and the performance was described by Norman Cook (perhaps better known as Fatboy Slim) as one that "mesmerised the crowd".

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madchester manchester happy mondays

                                                                                                     At one time, the venue also included a hairdressing salon.                                                                                                           As well as club nights there were regular concerts, including                                                                                                       one in which  Einstürzende Neubauten  drilled into the walls                                                                                                       that surrounded the stage.

                                                                                                         

                                                                                                     In 1986, it became one of the first British clubs to start                                                                                                                 playing  house music , with DJs Mike Pickering (of Quando                                                                                                         Quango and M People) and Little Martin (later with Graeme                                                                                                         Park) hosting the visionary "Nude" night on Fridays. This                                                                                                             night quickly became legendary, and helped to turn around                                                                                                         the reputation and fortunes of the Haçienda, which went                                                                                                             from making a consistent loss to being full every night of the                                                                                                       week by early 1987.

 

                                                                                                     The growth of the ' Madchester ' scene had little to do with                                                                                                           the healthy house music scene in Manchester at the time but                                                                                                       it was boosted by the success of he Haçienda's pioneering                                                                                                         Ibiza night, "Hot", an acid house night hosted by Pickering                                                                                                           and Jon DaSilva in July 1988.

                                                                                                           

However, drug use became a problem. On the 14th of July 1989, the  UK's first ecstasy-related death  occurred at the

club:

       16-year-old Clare Leighton collapsed and died after her boyfriend gave her an ecstasy tablet. The police clampdown that followed was opposed by Manchester City Council, which argued that the club contributed to an "active use of the city centre core" in line with the government's policy of regenerating urban areas. The resulting problems caused the club to close for a short period in early 1991, before reopening with increased security later the same year.

 

Haçienda DJs made regular and guest appearances on radio and TV shows like Granada TV's Juice, Sunset 102 and BBC Radio 1. Between 1994 and 1997  Hacienda FM  was a weekly show on Manchester dance station Kiss 102.

 

Security was frequently a problem, particularly in the club's latter years. There were several  shootings inside and outside   the club , and relations with the police and licensing authorities became troubled. When local magistrates and police visited the club in 1997, they witnessed a near-fatal assault on a man in the streets outside when a 18-year-old was hit over the head from behind with what looked like a metal bar before being pushed into the path of an on-

coming car.

The Haçienda lost its entertainments licence in June 1997. The last

night of the club was the 28th of June 1997, a club night called

'Freak' featuring  DJs Elliot Eastwick and Dave Haslam  (the final live

performance was by Spiritualized on the 15th of June 1997). The

club remained open for a short period as an art gallery before finally

going bankrupt and closing for good. After the Haçienda officially

closed, it was used as a venue for two free parties organised by the

Manchester free party scene. One of the parties ended in a police

siege of the building while the party continued inside. These parties

resulted in considerable damage and the application of graffiti to the

Ben Kelly designed interior.

the hacienda how not to run a club peter hook

 

Following a number of years standing empty, the Whitworth Street

West site was purchased from the receivers by  Crosby Homes .

They chose to demolish the nightclub, and reuse the site for the

construction of domestic flats.

 

The iconic name was kept for the new development, with the Haçienda name licensed from Peter Hook, who owns the name and trademark. The nightclub was demolished in 2002 - Crosby Homes had acquired the property some time before that and, on Saturday the 25th of November 2000, held a charity auction of the various fixtures and fittings from the nightclub. Club goers and enthusiasts from across the country attended to buy memorabilia ranging from  the DJ booth box  and radiators to emergency exit lights. The DJ booth was bought by Bobby Langley, ex Haçienda DJ, and Head of Merchandise for Sony Music London for an undisclosed fee.

hacienda 24 hour party people film steve cougan

                                                                                                               

                                                                                                            Michael Winterbottom's 2002 film  24 Hour Party Peopl

                                                                                                            starring Steve Coogan as Tony Wilson, tells the story of                                                                                                              the Haçienda.

                                                                                                             The movie  was filmed in 2001, and required                                                                                                                                reconstructing the Haçienda as a temporary set in a                                                                                                                    Manchester factory, which was then opened to ticket                                                                                                                    holders for one night, acting as a full-scale nightclub                                                                                                                    (except with a free bar) as the film shooting took place.

                                                                                                               

                                                                                                             The Manchester exhibition centre Urbis  hosted an                                                                                                                      exhibition celebrating the 25th anniversary of the club's                                                                                                                opening, which ran from mid-July 2007 until mid                                                                                                                          February 2008. Peter Hook and many other of those                                                                                                                    originally involved contributed or loaned material.

 

                                                                                                             The Manchester Museum of Science and Industry  now

                                                                                                            holds a variety of Haçienda and Factory records                                                                                                                          artefacts, including the main loading bay doors from the                                                                                                              club, and a wide array of posters, fliers and props. Rob                                                                                                                Gretton bequeathed his collection of Haçienda                                                                                                                              memorabilia to the Museum.

 

                                                                                                            In October 2009, Peter Hook published his book on his                                                                                                                time as co-owner of the Haçienda, How Not to Run a                                                                                                                  Club.

fac 51 hacienda logo

    24 HOUR PARTY PEOPLE 

 

  Joy Division sounded like          Manchester:
                      cold, sparse and      at times, bleak.  Bernard                                                                                                  Sumner

 

Happy Mondays are an English alternative rock band from  Salford, Greater Manchester . Formed in 1980, the band's

original line up was Shaun Ryder on lead vocals, his brother Paul Ryder on bass, lead guitarist Mark Day, keyboardist Paul Davis, and drummer Gary Whelan. Mark "Bez" Berry later joined the band onstage during a live performance after befriending Shaun Ryder and served as a dancer/percussionist. Rowetta Satchell joined the band to provide backing vocals in the early 1990s.

 

The first official release from Happy Mondays was the " Forty Five E.P. ", often called the "Delightful E.P." after its first track.

It was released on Factory Records in September 1985.

 

Manchester music impresario  Tony Wilson  discovered them (then

managed by Phil Saxe) at a battle of the bands contest held at his

Hacienda night club. Their first album, Squirrel and G-Man Twenty

Four Hour Party People Plastic Face Carnt Smile (White Out),

debuted in 1987 and was produced by John Cale.

 

This was followed by two classic albums; Bummed in 1988,

produced by Martin Hannett, then  Pills 'n' Thrills and Bellyaches 

in 1990 produced by Paul Oakenfold and Steve Osborne which

went platinum in the UK selling more than 350,000 copies. This put

the band firmly on the map as one of the most influential bands to

come out of the UK in the early 1990s.

 

The album was recorded at Capitol Studios in Los Angeles. Singles

"Step On" and "Kinky Afro" from this album both reached number 5

in the UK singles chart. Yes Please! followed in 1992, produced by

Chris Frantz and Tina Weymouth, recorded at  Eddy Grant's studio 

 in Barbados . By the late 1980s, the Happy Mondays were an important part of the Manchester music scene and personified rave culture. Numerous world tours meant the band had international success as well as massive success in their home country. The line up of the band during this first and most important ten year phase never changed, and the six original members Shaun Ryder, Paul Ryder, Gary Whelan, Paul Davis, Mark Day and Mark "Bez" Berry remained a tight unit until the first incarnation came to an end in 1994. Earlier that year, the band had appeared on the bill at the 1990 Glastonbury Festival. In late 1990, Paul McCartney stated:

                                                                       I saw the Happy Mondays on TV, and they reminded me of the Beatles in their 'Strawberry Fields' phase.

                                         —Paul McCartney, NME, November 1990

 

Musically, the band fused indie pop guitars with a rhythmic style that owed much to house music, funk and northern soul. Much of their music was remixed by popular DJs, emphasizing the dance influences even further. In terms of style and dress, they crossed hippy fashion and ideals with 1970s glamour. Sartorially and musically, the band helped to encourage the psychedelic revival associated with acid house. One of their most popular songs was " Lazyitis  (One Armed Boxer)", featuring a surreal duet between Ryder and Karl Denver.

 

In February 1991, Happy Mondays played at the Maracanã Stadium in Rio de Janeiro, and famously went to meet  Ronnie   Biggs  in with Piers Morgan, who at the time was a writer for The Sun newspaper. The Mondays also influenced many bands around the Northwest and beyond, including the Stone Roses, Oasis and the Charlatans. A multi-city US tour followed with the group returning home early in May 1991. However, by July that year they revealed details of a fourteen track 'official bootleg' live album, Baby Big Head, recorded in Leeds. The official record label release, Live followed later in the year.

 

Happy Mondays disbanded in 1993, and Shaun Ryder and Bez formed  Black Grape  with ex-Paris Angels guitarist "Wags" (who would later go on to serve in the 1999-2000 reincarnation of the Mondays) and ex-Ruthless Rap Assassins star Kermit.

 HAPPY MONDAYS STEP ON 

 

joy division hacienda love will tear us apart ian curtis

                                                                                                              Joy Division were an English rock band formed in 1976                                                                                                                in Salford, Greater Manchester. Originally named

                                                                                                              Warsaw, the band consisted of singer Ian Curtis,                                                                                                                          guitarist and keyboardist Bernard Sumner, bassist

                                                                                                              Peter Hook, and drummer Stephen Morris.

                                                                                                                     

                                                                                                              Formed by Sumner and Hook right after they attended a                                                                                                            Sex Pistols gig, Joy Division transcended their punk

                                                                                                              roots to develop a sound and style that made them one                                                                                                                of the pioneers of the  post-punk movement . Their self -                                                                                                             release 1978 debut EP, an Ideal for Living, drew the                                                                                                                    attention of the Manchester television personality Tony                                                                                                                Wilson.

 

                                                                                                              The sleeve's Germanic  imagery drew criticism on their                                                                                                               politics, not helped by later name changes. Joy

                                                                                                              Division's debut album  Unknown Pleasures  was          released in 1979 on Wilson's independent label Factory Records by Martin Hannett's sparse production, it was a critical success with the British music press. Despite this early acclaim, Curtis suffered from severe depression and personal difficulties, including a broken marriage and epilepsy. In particular he found it increasingly difficult to perform at live

concerts, during which he often suffered seizures. In May 1980, on the eve of the band's debut American tour, Curtis, aged 23, committed suicide.

 

Closer, Joy Division's second and final album was released two months later; the album and preceding single "Love Will Tear Us Apart" became the band's highest charting release. After Curtis's death, the remaining members continued as  New   Order , achieving critical and commercial success. Today Joy Division are seen as one of the most influential bands of the late 1970s.

hacienda stone roses madchester

The Stone Roses are an English rock band formed in Manchester in 1983. They were one of the pioneering groups of the Madchester movement that was active during the late 1980s and early 1990s. The band's most successful line up consisted

of vocalist Ian Brown, guitarist John Squire,

bassist Mani, and drummer Reni.

 

The band released their debut album,  The Stone Roses , in 1989. The

album was a breakthrough success for the band and gained critical

acclaim, with many critics regarding it as one of the greatest British

albums ever recorded. At this time the group decided to capitalise on

their success by signing to a major label. Their current record label,

Silvertone, would not let them out of their contract, which led to a long

legal battle that culminated with the band signing with Geffen Records

in 1991. The Stone Roses then released their second album, Second

Coming, which was met with lacklustre reviews in 1994. The group soon

disbanded after several line up changes throughout the supporting tour,

which began with Reni first departing, followed by Squire.

 

Following much intensified media speculation, The Stone Roses called

a press conference on the 18th of October 2011 to announce that the

band had reunited and would perform a reunion tour of the world in

2012, including three homecoming shows in Heaton Park, Manchester.

Plans to record a third album in the future were also floated. In June 2012, Chris Coghill, the writer of the new film which is set during the Stone Roses 1990 Spike Island show, revealed that the band "have at least three or four new tracks recorded". In June 2013, a documentary about the band's reformation directed by Shane Meadows and titled  The Stone   Roses: 

              Made of Stone was released .

 

The Stone Roses's influences included Garage Rock, Northern Soul, Punk Rock, and artists such as The Beatles, The Rolling Stones, The Beach Boys, The Byrds, Johnny Marr, Jimi Hendrix, Led Zeppelin, The Jesus and Mary Chain, Sonic Youth, The Sex Pistols and The Clash.

 

The band were part of the Madchester movement, a style of alternative rock that mixed acid house rhythms with guitar pop sounds. The band went on to influence other artists, most notably Oasis, of which Noel Gallagher was quoted in an interview saying "when I heard  Sally Cinnamon  for the first time, I knew what my destiny was". Liam Gallagher has also stated that they were the first band that he had seen live, and that seeing them perform influenced him into becoming a musician.

 

We're the most important group in the world, because we've got the best songs and we haven't even begun to show our         potential yet.

                    – Ian Brown - NME - December 1989

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                                                                            New Order  The band was formed in 1980 by Bernard Sumner (vocals,

                                                                           guitars, keyboards and synthesisers), Peter Hook (bass and vocals) and                                                                                     Stephen Morris (drums, electronic drums, keyboards and synthesisers) –                                                                                   the remaining members of Joy Division, following the suicide of vocalist

                                                                           Ian Curtis with the addition of Gillian Gilbert (keyboards, synthesisers and

                                                                           guitars).

 

                                                                           By combining post-punk and electronic dance music, New Order became                                                                                   one of the most critically acclaimed and influential bands of the 1980s.                                                                                       Though the band's early years were shadowed by the legacy and basic                                                                                     sound of Joy Division, their experience of the  early 1980s New York City 

                                                                            club scene  increased their knowledge of dance music and helped them                                                                                   incorporate elements of that style into their work.

 

                                                                           The band's 1983 hit " Blue Monday ", the best-selling 12-inch single of all                                                                                   time, is one example of how the band transformed their sound.

 

                                                                           New Order were the flagship band for Manchester based independent record

                                                                           label Factory Records. Their minimalist album sleeves and "non-image" (the band rarely gave interviews and were known for performing short concert sets with no encores) reflected the label's

aesthetic of doing whatever the relevant parties wanted to do, including an aversion to including singles as album tracks. In 1993, the band worked on their own individual projects and reunited as a band in 1998. In 2001, Cunningham (guitars, keyboards and synthesisers) replaced Gilbert, who took a sabbatical from the band because of family commitments. In 2007, Peter Hook left the band. After Hook's departure, Bernard, Phil and Steve worked on Bad Lieutenant and the band reunited in 2011 without Hook, with Gilbert's return and Chapman replacing Hook on bass. During the band's career and in between lengthy breaks, band members have been involved in several solo projects, such as  Sumner's Electronic  and Bad Lieutenant; Hook's Monaco and Revenge and Gilbert and Morris' The Other Two. Cunningham was previously a member of Marion and with Sumner and Chapman was a member of Bad Lieutenant.

 

Almost all New Order recordings bore the minimalist packaging of  Peter Saville . The group's record sleeves bucked the 1980s trend by rarely showing the band members (the Low-Life album was the exception) or even providing basic information such as the band name or the title of the release. Song names were often hidden within the shrink wrapped package, either on the disc itself (such as the "Blue Monday" single) or on an inconspicuous part of an inner sleeve ("The Perfect Kiss" single), or a cryptic colour code invented by Saville (Power, Corruption & Lies). Saville said his intention was to sell the band as a "mass-produced secret" of sorts, and that the minimalist style was enough to allow fans to identify the band's products without explicit labelling. Saville frequently sent the artwork straight to the printer, unreviewed by either the band or the label.

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 The Charlatans  (known in the United States as The

Charlatans UK) are an English indie rock band. The band's

line-up currently comprises lead vocalist Tim Burgess,

guitarist Mark Collins, bassist Martin Blunt and keyboardist

Tony Rogers.

 

Former members of the band include vocalist Baz Ketley

(1989); guitarist Jon Day (Jonathan Baker) (1989–1991);

keyboardist Rob Collins (1989 – 1996), who died in a car

accident during recording of their fifth album; and drummer

Jon Brookes (1989-2013), who died after being diagnosed

with a brain tumour in 2010.

 

In the UK, all of the band's twelve studio albums have

charted in the Top 40 in the UK Albums Chart, three of thembeing number ones. They have also achieved seventeen Top 30

singles and four Top 10 hits in the UK Singles Chart. The band were originally formed in the West Midlands by bassist Martin Blunt, who recruited fellow West Midlanders Rob Collins (keyboards), Jon Brookes (drums), Jon Day (Jonathan Baker) (guitar) and singer/guitarist Baz Ketley (who later left the band to be replaced by Tim Burgess). Although the Charlatans would later become popularly associated with the Madchester scene, the band's early demos recorded in 1988 in Birmingham and Dudley already evidenced the sound that the band ultimately became famous for, dominated by Collins' Hammond organ but underpinned by the driving rhythm section of Blunt's powerful running bass and Brookes's drumming. With their sound fusing 1960s soul, R&B and garage rock – inherited from Blunt's earlier 1982 band Making Time, the band saw themselves firmly in the West Midlands tradition of hard-edged soul and R&B that included Birmingham bands The Spencer Davis Group and early  Dexys Midnight Runners .

 

Although the name The Charlatans was already being used when the original members of the band were still located in the West Midlands, many sources state that they formed in Northwich, Cheshire. This is because the band relocated to the home town of new lead singer Tim Burgess (who was born in Salford, but lived in Northwich from an early age) before the 1990 release of The Charlatans' debut single " Indian Rope ", on the band's own Dead Dead Good Records label. Thus based on the definition of hometown used by Guinness World Records the band was formed in Northwich, and consequently Northwich is recorded as their home town in such publications as British Hit Singles & Albums - although the founding members are actually from Walsall.

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                                                                   Schoolfriends Lambert and Holt  recruited drummer Craig Gill, and formed Inspiral                                                                   Carpets in 1983, originally as a garage punk band, with keyboardist Glenn                                                                                  Chesworth and bassist Tony Feeley.

                                                                 

                                                                  In 1987, following the departures of Chesworth and Feeley, the line up included                                                                          first Mark Hughes, then Dave Swifton bass and organist Clint Boon (whose Ashton                                                                    under Lyne studio the band had been using for rehearsals). The band released                                                                          two albums worth of, Waiting for Ours and Songs of Shallow Intensity, including

                                                                  songs that would later be re-recorded.

 

                                                                  They came to prominence, alongside bands like The Stone Roses and Happy                                                                            Mondays, in the 'Madchester' scene of the late 1980s. After a flexidisc featuring

                                                                  Garage Full of Flowers given free with Manchester's Debris magazine in 1987,                                                                          followed the Cow cassette, their first release proper, the 1988 Plane crash EP on                                                                      the Playtime label received much airplay from Radio 1 DJ John Peel, who asked                                                                        the band to record a session for his show. At the time of their initial success, the                                                                        band earned some notoriety for their squiggly-eyed cow '  Cool as Fuck  ' T-shirts                                                                      when a student at Oxford Polytechnic was prosecuted on obscenity charges                                                                              for wearing one. They reworked their single "Find Out Why" as the theme tune to                                                                      the 8:15 from Manchester.

 

                                                                  As their popularity grew, Playtime's distributor Red Rhino Records went bust,                                                                            leading the band to form their own label, Cow Records in March 1989, the labels' first release being the  Trainsurfing EP . But with half of first album Life written, Holt and Swift departed and formed The Rain kings, The Inspirals recruited Too Much Texas singer Tom Hingley and Martin "Bungle" Walsh of The Next Step to replace them. Guitarist Graham Lambert states in an interview on the Cool As box set that the band had tried numerous bass players before settling on Martyn Walsh, who was their thirteenth bass player. After a handful of singles on their own label, the last of which, "Move", came close to the UK top 40, they signed a deal with Mute Records, and immediately had their first top 40 chart success in the UK with "This Is How It Feels", which is a song about unemployment and touches on themes of domestic violence. The single reached No. 14 in the singles chart, and debut album Life reached No. 2 in the album chart, both in 1990. The following year's The Beast Inside was less well received by critics, but still achieved a top 5 album chart placing. The "Caravan" and "Please be Cruel" singles only reached No. 30 and No. 50 respectively, and an attempt to crack the American market largely failed.

The band did, however, gain a strong following in Portugal, Germany, and Argentina, with the band's 1992 album Revenge of the Goldfish becoming their most successful in those countries. The album peaked at number 17 in the UK, and spawned four UK hit singles. The next album, Devil Hopping (1994) reached number 10 in the album chart, with "Saturn 5" and "I Want You" giving them top 20 hits, from that LP. (The latter's single version featured  Mark E. Smith ). Next single "Uniform" stalled at No. 51 and in 1995, after the release of a Singles collection, the band were dropped by Mute, and split up soon after.

hacienda 808 state slam acid house set

808 State are an English electronic music group, formed in 1987 in Manchester,

taking their name from the Roland TR-808 drum machine and their common state

of mind. They were formed by Graham Massey, Martin Price and Gerald Simpson,

and they released their debut album Newbuild in September 1988. The band

secured commercial success in 1989, when their song " Pacific State " was picked

up by BBC Radio 1 DJ Gary Davies.

 

Martin Price was the owner of a record store, Eastern Bloc, and was also the

founder of the independent record label, Creed. Customers Graham Massey and

Gerald Simpson joined with Price to form a hip-hop group called Hit Squad

Manchester. Soon after, the band shifted to an acid house sound, recording the

debut  Newbuild  in 1988, while using the name 808 State for the first time.

Newbuild was released on Price's own record label. In an interview with Mojo

magazine in 2005, Graham Massey explained that the album was recorded over the course of a winter weekend in January

1988 at Spirit Studios, Manchester. The album was named after a Bolton housing co-operative. The record was re-released

in 2005 on Aphex Twin's Rephlex Records. Aphex Twin was a huge fan of the record:

                                                                                                                                       "It was the next step after Chicago acid, and as much as I loved that, I could relate much better to 808 State. It seemed colder and more human at the same time."

 

Around the same time, the band also recorded an acid house version of New Order's "Blue Monday". A favourite at The Haçienda's Hot Night, the recording was believed lost until Autechre's Sean Booth asked Massey to dig through his archive of old material. The record was released in 2004 by  Rephlex Records . “We didn’t put a lot of thought into it but maybe that’s its charm," said Massey at the time. Massey had been a member of the band Aqua in the 1970s, along with the violinist

Graham Clark, a former pupil of Manchester Grammar School.

 

The band's song "Pacific State" was released as a single, peaking at #10 in the UK Singles Chart. Simpson left the group in 1989 to form his own solo project, A Guy Called Gerald. At this point, the remaining personnel enlisted DJs Andrew Barker and Darren Partington, known as the Spinmasters, and recorded the EP,  Quadrastate  in July 1989. Ninety was released in December 1989.

 

MC Tunes worked with the band on the 1990 album, The North At Its Heights. The album was a moderate success, reaching #26 in the UK Albums Chart, and also saw a European and Japanese release. It spawned three UK singles, "The Only Rhyme That Bites" – featuring a sample of "The Big Country" performed by The City of Prague Philharmonic – (UK #10), "Tunes Splits the Atom" (UK #18) and "Primary Rhyming" (UK #67). The first two issues credited MC Tunes versus 808 State, whilst the latter was simply MC Tunes. Tunes later returned in 1996 to work with on a new track, "Pump", taken from 808 State's album Thermo Kings. 808 State's next album was released in 1991,  Ex:el , which featured vocals from Bernard Sumner and Björk. Other hits included "In Yer Face" (UK #9), "Cubik Olympic" (UK #10) and "Lift" (UK #38).

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